Sanford-Fritch ISD Dyslexia Procedures
The District’s Board of Trustees is responsible for ensuring campuses are implementing procedures for identifying and providing appropriate, evidence-based instructional services to all students with dyslexia or related disorders. The district’s procedures must be implemented according to the approved strategies for screening, individualized evaluation, and techniques for treating dyslexia and related services as described in The Dyslexia Handbook: Procedures Concerning Dyslexia and Related Services (“The Dyslexia Handbook”). The district must report through PEIMS the number of students enrolled in the district who are identified as having dyslexia.
Parents or guardians of a student with dyslexia or related disorder must be informed of all services and options available to the student, including general education interventions under response to intervention and multi-tiered systems of support models as well as the option for an evaluation and services under the IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Act) and Section 504. District Special Education Personnel must provide written notification to the student’s parent or guardian at least five days before any evaluation or identification procedure is used with a specific student suspected of having dyslexia or related disorder. This notice must be English or in the parent or guardian’s native language and include the following:
● A reasonable description of the evaluation procedure to be used with the student;
● Information regarding instructional interventions or strategies provided to the student prior to the evaluation;
● An estimated time frame for completion of the evaluation; and
● Contact information for the Campus Dyslexia Personnel that the parent can contact regarding dyslexia services, relevant parent training and information projects, and any other appropriate parent resources.
In addition, before an initial FIE (full individual evaluation) is conducted to determine whether a student who is suspected to have dyslexia or a related disorder has a disability under the IDEA, the Campus Special Education Personnel must comply with the special education procedures related to Prior Written Notice and Referral for Possible Special Education Services, and provide the parent with all information indicated above, a copy of the Notice of Procedural Safeguards, an opportunity to give written consent for an initial FIE, and a copy of the required information for non-special student who receives assistance from the District for learning difficulties. See [PRIOR WRITTEN NOTICE] and [REFERRAL FOR POSSIBLE SPECIAL EDUCATION SERVICES] and [CONSENTFOR INITIAL EVALUATION] and [CHILD FIND DUTY].
Universal Dyslexia Screening & Identification
To comply with child find requirements, the District must screen or test all students for dyslexia and related disorders at appropriate times in accordance with The Dyslexia Handbook and state law. Specifically, the law requires all kindergarten and first grade students be screened for dyslexia and related services. In addition, the law requires the district to administer to students in kindergarten, first grade, and second grade reading instrument to diagnose student reading development and comprehension. This law also requires the district to administer a reading instrument at the beginning of seventh grade to students who did not demonstrate reading proficiency on the sixth-grade state reading STAAR. Only District or Campus Personnel who are trained in valid, evidence-based assessments and can appropriately evaluate students for dyslexia and related disorders should conduct the screenings. This includes an individual who is certified/licensed in dyslexia or a classroom teacher who holds a valid certification. Anyone that screens and treats students with dyslexia and related disorders must be trained in instructional strategies that use individualized, intensive, multisensory, phonetic methods, as well as a variety of writing and spelling components. The district is required to consider prior screenings and testing before rescreening or retesting a student determined to have dyslexia during a prior screening or testing. The district may not use early intervention strategies, such MTSS, multi-tiered systems of support, to delay or deny the special education evaluation of a student suspected to have a specific learning disability, including dyslexia or a related disorder.
Dyslexia Indicator Code
The campus secretary will enter Dyslexia Indicator Code. This indicates whether a student is identified as having dyslexia or related disorders TEC 42.006.
0-Not Receiving Services, Or Condition of Situation Not Applicable to This Person or Campus
1-Participant In Program or Service, Or Condition or Situation Applicable To This Person Or Campus
Sanford-Fritch ISD uses Reading by Design in grades K-12: An Individualized Literacy Intervention a systematic, multisensory approach aligned with research-based practices for developing literacy and designed for students with basic reading difficulties, such as dyslexia. This intervention follows as intensive, explicit, and cumulative design for remediation of reading and writing skills at all grade levels. This comprehensive program addresses the following components: phonological awareness, sound-symbol association, six syllable types, written patterns, morphology, syntax, reading fluency and comprehension. Progress monitoring and review lessons are embedded throughout the program to inform student progress and promote reading and writing automaticity. The district must provide a reading program for any student with dyslexia or a related disorder that is in accordance with the descriptors and implementation requirements found in The Dyslexia Handbook. All Dyslexia Providers must be trained in the instructional strategies that use individualized, multisensory, phonetic methods and a variety of writing and spelling components as described in The Dyslexia Handbook. The district must provide each student identified as having dyslexia access to the District’s dyslexia services with a provider trained in dyslexia and related disorders at the student’s campus.
Parent Education Program
Campus Personnel must provide parents or guardians of students suspected of having dyslexia or a related disorder a copy or a link to the electronic version of The Dyslexia Handbook as soon as the suspicion arises which is located on our school District Website. The district and/or Campus Personnel must also offer a parent education program for parents or guardians of students with dyslexia and related disorders. This program must include:
● Awareness and characteristics of dyslexia and related disorders;
● Information on testing and diagnosis of dyslexia and related disorders;
● Information on effective strategies for teaching students with dyslexia and related disorders.
● Information on qualifications of those delivering services to students with dyslexia and related disorders;
● Awareness of information on accommodations and modifications, including those for statewide assessments;
● Information on eligibility, evaluation requests, and services available to the student under Section 504 and IDEA, and information regarding intervention
processes, such as Response to Intervention;
● Contact information for the relevant regional and/or District specialists for dyslexia and related disorders.
“Dyslexia” is a disorder of constitutional origin manifested by a difficulty in learning to read, write, or spell, despite conventional instruction, adequate intelligence, and sociocultural opportunity.
“Related disorders” include disorders similar to or related to dyslexia, such as developmental auditory imperception, dysphasia, specific developmental dyslexia, developmental dysgraphia, and developmental spelling disability.
“Universal screening” is defined as a universal measure administered to all students by qualified personnel to determine which students are at risk for dyslexia or reading difficulties and/or a related disorder. Screening is not a formal evaluation.
Dyslexia Screening & Identification
Campus Personnel are responsible for ensuring all students in kindergarten and first grade are screened for dyslexia in an appropriate and timely manner. Before screening may take place, Campus Administration will select a screening instrument from the Commissioner’s List of Reading Instruments list for Campus Personnel to use.
Sanford-Fritch ISD Screeners/Reading Instruments
Beginning of Year: TX-KEA (CLI)- Early Reading diagnosis
End of Year: Tx-KEA (CLI)- Dyslexia Screener
Beginning of Year: NWEA MAP Reading Fluency (Early Reading Diagnosis)
Middle of Year: TPRI (CLI); Screened no later than January 31 of each year
Beginning of Year: NWEA MAP Reading Fluency (Early Reading Diagnosis)
Middle of Year: TPRI (CLI); Screened no later than January 31 of each year
Beginning of Year: Istation’s Indicators of Progress, Advanced Reading (ISIP-AR)
Screenings for all kindergarten students should take place in the later part of the spring semester. Considerations for scheduling the kindergarten screener may include the following factors: (1) has adequate time for instruction been provided during the school year; (2) has adequate time been provided to compile data prior to the end of the school year; (3) how will the timing of the screener fit in with the timing of other required assessments; (4) has sufficient time been provided to inform parents in writing of the results of the reading instrument and whether the student is at risk for dyslexia or other reading difficulties; (5) has adequate time been provided for educators to offer appropriate interventions to the student and (6) has sufficient time been provided for decision making regarding next steps in the screening process. Screenings for all first-grade students should take place no later than the middle of the school year and must conclude by January 31 of each year. All Campus Personnel conducting screenings must understand and be able to identify primary characteristics of dyslexia, including challenges with reading words in isolation, decoding, reading orally, and spelling. In addition, the individuals who administer the screening instrument must also document student behaviors observed during the administration of the instrument, including lack of automaticity, difficulty sounding out words left to right, guessing, self-correcting, inability to focus on reading, and avoidance behavior.
Campus Administration will verify all Campus Personnel conducting screenings have undergone the required trainings and are properly certified to fill this role. Specifically, individuals who administer and interpret the screening instrument must, at a minimum, be an individual who is certified/licensed in dyslexia or a classroom teacher who holds a valid certification for kindergarten and Grade 1. Where possible, the student’s current classroom teacher will administer the screening instrument for dyslexia and reading difficulties. Then, the teacher (or other Campus Personnel) conducting screenings will report the results of dyslexia and related disorder screenings required for each student in kindergarten and first grade to the Principals or Campus Secretary for PEIMS coding. [0-Not Receiving Services, Or Condition of Situation Not Applicable To This Person or Campus OR 1-Participant In Program Or Service, Or Condition or Situation Applicable To This Person Or Campus.]
The report of results must also be provided to the parent of the student with an explanation of the scores.
Campus Personnel will continue to monitor students for common risk factors fordyslexia in second grade and beyond.Based on the universal screener for reading and dyslexia, if a student is at low risk forreading difficulties, the campus will continue evidence-based core reading instruction and continue to monitor the student for reading difficulties in the future.
If the student is at risk for reading difficulties, Campus Personnel will gather both quantitative and qualitative information about the student. Quantitative information may include current dyslexia screening instruments, previous dyslexia screening instruments, formal and informal classroom reading assessments and/or other skill assessments, vision and hearing screening, state assessment reports, curriculum-based assessments, and attendance records. Qualitative information may include observations of student during screening, other observations of student progress, teacher observations and reports, parent/guardian input (e.g. family history, early language skills), current student work samples, academic progress reports, work samples from earlier grades, and/or accommodations and intervention history and data.
Both quantitative and qualitative information will be reviewed by a Team of Campus Personnel which should include individuals who have knowledge of the student, are appropriately trained in the administration of the screening tool, are trained to interpret the results, and recognize characteristics of dyslexia. The Team may consist of the student’s classroom teacher, the counselor, the campus or district dyslexia specialist, the individual who administered the screener, a representative of LPAC, assessment personnel, the parent, and/or an administrator. This Team is not the ARD Committee or a Section 504 Committee, although many of these individuals may be on a future committee if the student is referred for an evaluation and qualifies for services and/or accommodations. The Team shall analyze the data and make a decision as to whether the student’s reading difficulties are or are not consistent with characteristics of dyslexia and related disorders.
If the Team determines the data does not give the members reason to suspect that a student has dyslexia, a related disorder or other disability, the Team may decide to provide the student with additional supports in the classroom or through the Response to Intervention process or other Campus-based intervention system. However, the student is not referred for an evaluation at this time. If the Team suspects the student has dyslexia or a related disorder, the Team should
consider the type of instruction that would best meet the student’s needs. The campus MTSS (Multi-Tiered System of Supports) will meet with the parent to review all data. If the MTSS committee determines a referral is needed, then the MTSS should refer the student for an initial FIE under the IDEA, as there is a reason to suspect that special education services are necessary for the student. See [REFERRAL FOR POSSIBLE SPECIAL EDUCATION SERVICES].
Referral for IDEA Evaluation
If the MTSS committee determines dyslexia or a similar disability is suspected and there is a suspected corresponding need for special education services, they must refer a student for an initial evaluation under the single pathway through IDEA. The MTSS committee will make decisions regarding referrals on a case-by-case basis, carefully considering all data obtained from screenings and other sources. In addition, parents or guardians may also request a referral for an initial evaluation under the IDEA. District or Campus Personnel must then follow all procedural safeguards under the IDEA. See [CHILD FIND DUTY] and [REFERRAL FOR POSSIBLE SPECIAL EDUCATION SERVICES] and [CONSENT FOR INITIAL EVALUATION]
Provision of Dyslexia Services
If a student is evaluated under IDEA and the results of the evaluation show the student has dyslexia or a related disorder, the student may be eligible for dyslexia services. If the student is determined to be Section 504 eligible, the student will be eligible for services, standard protocol dyslexia instruction, accommodations and/ or related aids as determined by his/her Section 504 committee. If the student is determined to be eligible under the IDEA, the student will receive specially-designed instruction, related services, supplementary aids and services, accommodations or program modifications, as determined by his/her ARD Committee.
Regardless of whether the student is receiving standard protocol dyslexia instruction under Section 504 or specially designed instruction under IDEA, the dyslexia services provided must address the following critical, evidence-based components:
● Phonological awareness
● Sound-symbol association
● Reading comprehension
● Reading fluency
In addition to the above content, it is also critical that the way the content is delivered is consistent with research-based principles. Campus Administration and the Dyslexia Service Provider will ensure that all of the following principles of effective intervention for students with dyslexia are utilized:
● Simultaneous, multisensory
● Systematic and cumulative
● Explicit instruction
● Diagnostic teaching to automaticity
● Synthetic instruction
● Analytic instruction
The District Administration will ensure dyslexia instruction is provided by individuals trained to deliver such instruction. Teachers, such as reading specialists, master reading teachers, general education classroom teachers, or special education teachers, who provide dyslexia intervention for students are not required to hold a specific license or certification. However, these educators must at a minimum have additional documented dyslexia training aligned to the requirements of The Dyslexia Handbook and must deliver the instruction with fidelity. In addition, educators who teach students with dyslexia should be trained in new research and practices related to dyslexia as part of their continuing professional education (CPE) hours.
District Administration will decide whether to purchase a reading program or develop its own evidence-based reading program for students with dyslexia and related disorders. If the District decides to develop its own reading program, District Administration must ensure that the program is aligned with the procedures in The Dyslexia Handbook, including the required components and principles above.
Evidence of Practice
● Cumulative Student Data
● Instructional Strategies Provided and Student Response
● Section 504 Evaluation
● Evidence of Trainings for Campus Personnel Administering Screenings
● Certifications of Campus Personnel Administering Screenings
● Evidence of Training for Dyslexia Service Providers
● Certifications of Dyslexia Service Providers
● Section 504 Plan
● Right to Information Provided to Parent
● Receipt From Parent of The Dyslexia Handbook
● Receipt From Parent of Procedural Safeguards Under IDEA and/or Section 504
● Approved Dyslexia Program
● Documentation of Dyslexia Services Provided to Student
Further, TEC §28.006 (g-2) requires school districts to notify the parents or guardians of students determined, based on dyslexia screening, or reading instrument results to have dyslexia or a related disorder, or to be at risk for dyslexia or other reading difficulties, to have access to the Talking Book Program (TBP) maintained by the Texas State Library and Archives Commission. The TBP provides students with reading disabilities the ability to borrow audiobooks free of charge, and it includes over 100,000 titles, hundreds of which are in Spanish.
Contacts for Dyslexia:
Kim Surles, District Dyslexia Coordinator 806-397-0159
|Sanford-Fritch High School
Brent Drury, Principal 806-397-0159
Robyn Line, Dyslexia Instructor, Reading by Design
|Sanford-Fritch Junior High School
Jennifer Carr, Principal 806-397-0159
Mindy Broaddus, Dyslexia Instructor, Reading by Design
|Sanford-Fritch Elementary School
Gina McCown, Principal 806-397-0159
Monica Fry, Dyslexia Instructor, Reading by Design